Acute Stress Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, Positive Treatment, Complication, And Prevention

Intrusion Symptoms:

Distressing, intrusive memories of the traumatic event.

Disturbing dreams or nightmares related to the trauma.

Flashbacks, are where the individual feels as though they are reliving the traumatic event.

Intense psychological distress or physiological reactions when exposed to reminders of the trauma, such as physical sensations, objects, or situations that resemble the traumatic experience.


Negative Mood and Cognitive Symptoms:

Persistent negative emotions such as fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame.

Diminished interest or participation in significant activities.

Detachment from others, feeling emotionally numb.

An inability to experience positive emotions.

Dissociation Symptoms:

A sense of being detached from oneself or one’s surroundings.

A reduction in awareness of one’s surroundings or sense of the passage of time.

A sense of unreality or feeling as if the traumatic event is not happening to oneself.

Avoidance Symptoms:

Avoidance of thoughts, feelings, conversations, places, people, or activities associated with the trauma.

Efforts to avoid memories, thoughts, or feelings related to the traumatic event.

A lack of interest or participation in significant life activities.

Arousal and Reactivity Symptoms:

Sleep disturbances, including difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.

Irritability or outbursts of anger.

Difficulty concentrating or making decisions.

Hypervigilance (excessive alertness to potential threats).

Easily startled or frightened.

For a diagnosis of ASD, these symptoms must cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Additionally, the symptoms must occur within three days to four weeks following the traumatic event.

It’s important to recognize that ASD is a time-limited condition, and if the symptoms persist for more than four weeks, the diagnosis may be changed to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Seeking professional help is crucial for individuals experiencing these symptoms, as early intervention and appropriate treatment can help manage distress and reduce the risk of developing chronic PTSD.

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